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Tuesday, February 9, 2010


Types of photography: Animal photography, night photography, underwater photography and wedding photography

Equipment: Case, battery, stand, lenses, flash cover.

Aperture: It is an opening that controls the amount of light let in so the image can be captured on film

Focus: The distance from the surface of the lens to the focus point is called the focal length and is measured in milimeters. Most lenses are described by their focal length. Zoom lenses have a range of focal lengths, a feat which is accomplished by using a complex series of lenses which can be moved relative to each other. The mm number translates into a real distance, from the front of your lens to the chip of your camera. If an object is close to a lens, even several hundred meters away, its reflected light entering the lens isn’t perfectly parallel.

Shutter speed: The shutter speed refers to the amount of time that the shutter of the camera is open and the film is exposed to the light.

ISO speed: What ISO denotes is how sensitive the image sensor is to the amount of light present. The higher the ISO, the more sensitive the image sensor and therefore the possibility to take pictures in low-light situations.

Metering: Metering is a process which involves the camera taking a light level reading from the scene and selecting the appropriate combination of aperture and shutter speed to set the required exposure value.

White balance: The easiest way to describe white balance is by way of colour temperature which in itself is a way of measuring the quality and intensity of a light source. This is based on the ratio of blue and red light hitting the sensor, with the green light being ignored.

Composition (Rules): Rule of the thirds
The Rule of Thirds is based on the fact that the human eye is naturally drawn to a point about two-thirds up a page. Crop your photo so that the main subjects are located around one of the intersection points rather than in the center of the image.

Golden section rule
It has been found that certain points in a picture's composition automatically attract the viewer's attention. Similarly, many natural or man-made objects and scenes with certain proportions (whether by chance or by design) automatically please us.
Diagonal rule
One side of the picture is divided into two, and then each half is divided into three parts. The adjacent side is divided so that the lines connecting the resulting points form a diagonal frame.

Techniques: Read the instruction manual, check the batteries, know the focus zone, practice loading the film, understand backlight and frontlight, move in, get close, question the lab, understand the sunny f16 rule

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